It’s difficult for them to imagine situations that are outside their usual routine, and they often carry out a narrow, repetitive range of activities.
This is not to say that these individuals have a lack of imagination. Most AS and HFA adults are very creative, and some go on to become talented artists, musicians or writers.
People on the autism spectrum may find it difficult to:
- accept changes in routine
- accept others’ points of view
- appreciate other people
- attempt work if they feel they are unable to do it perfectly
- avoid talking incessantly about their topic of interest
- cope in new or unfamiliar situations
- cope with “mistakes”
- deal with rules being broken
- determine and interpret others’ thoughts, feelings and actions
- discover an awareness of unwritten rules (‘”the hidden curriculum”)
- engage in imaginative play and activities
- foresee what will or may occur next
- identify hazards
- organize their time and/or equipment
- plan for the future
- predict the consequences of their own behavior
- prepare for change
As a result, they may have limited understanding of what they have learned and how to use it in different situations. While these individuals have excellent memories for certain things (e.g., dates, facts, figures, etc.), they often lack a meaningful framework to store and access memories relating to personal experience.
In other words, it is a skill in which the person places himself outside of everyday routines and views his actions or life from a third party perspective.
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